Virginia Separation Agreement

Virginia Separation Agreement: A Comprehensive Guide

A separation agreement is a legally binding contract between two spouses who have decided to end their marriage in Virginia. This agreement contains the terms of the division of property, spousal support, child custody, and child support, among others. It is crucial to note that a Virginia separation agreement is not the same as a divorce decree. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of a Virginia separation agreement, including its contents, enforcement, and benefits.

Contents of a Virginia Separation Agreement

A Virginia separation agreement contains all the necessary details that both parties have agreed on. These include the following:

1. Division of Property: This section outlines how the marital property will be divided between the spouses. Marital property may include the family home, vehicles, bank accounts, investments, and other assets acquired during the marriage.

2. Spousal Support: The separation agreement specifies how much spousal support (or alimony) will be paid and for how long. This amount is typically based on factors such as the length of the marriage, each spouse’s income, and the standard of living during the marriage.

3. Child Custody and Visitation: If there are children involved, the separation agreement will specify who will have physical and legal custody of the children. It will also outline the visitation schedule for the non-custodial parent and other details such as transportation arrangements for the children.

4. Child Support: The agreement will also detail how much child support will be paid and by whom. Child support is based on the Virginia Child Support Guidelines and takes into account both parents’ income and the number of children.

Enforcement of a Virginia Separation Agreement

Once both parties sign the separation agreement, it becomes a legally binding document. In Virginia, a separation agreement can be enforced in two ways:

1. Incorporation into a Divorce Decree: If the parties decide to get a divorce later on, the separation agreement can be incorporated into the divorce decree. This means that the terms of the separation agreement are enforceable as part of the divorce order.

2. Independent Contract Action: If one of the parties breaches the terms of the separation agreement, the other party can sue for breach of contract. This means that the contract will be enforced as an independent legal action, and the breaching party can be held accountable for damages.

Benefits of a Virginia Separation Agreement

A separation agreement offers several benefits for spouses who are going through a separation or divorce. Some of these benefits include:

1. Control over the Outcome: With a separation agreement, both parties have control over the terms of their separation. They can negotiate and come to an agreement on all the issues related to their separation, rather than having a court decide for them.

2. Privacy: Unlike a court proceeding, a separation agreement is a private agreement between the parties. This means that the details of their separation are not a matter of public record.

3. Cost-effective: A separation agreement is a cost-effective alternative to going to court. It saves time, money, and emotional stress that can come with litigation.


In Virginia, a separation agreement is a legally binding document that outlines the terms of the separation between two spouses. It contains details on the division of property, spousal support, child custody, and child support, among others. In addition to providing privacy and control over the outcome, a separation agreement is also a cost-effective alternative to going to court. It is important to note that a separation agreement cannot be changed easily once it is signed. Therefore, it is essential to seek the advice of an attorney before signing a separation agreement to ensure that it is fair and reasonable.

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